CALCULUS Understanding Its Concepts and Methods
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The polar coordinates of a point in the plane are its distance from the origin and the angle that the line segment makes with the positive -axis.
The angle is positive if it is measured counter-clockwise from the positive -axis, and negative if it is measured clockwise from the positive -axis. The point is identified with the point .
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Double integral in polar coordinates
Copyright © 2006 Darel Hardy, Fred Richman, Carol Walker, Robert Wisner. All rights reserved. Except upon the express prior permission in writing, from the authors, no part of this work may be reproduced, transcribed, stored electronically, or transmitted in any form by any method.